There are 16 points available in the Location and Transportation category. Some of the most important factors when it comes to site selection are: access to quality transit, surrounding density, high priority/equitable, development, and protecting sensitive lands.
When people have access to public transportation, they are less reliant on personal vehicles. This credit is one of the highest point values in Location and Transportation. Note that all distances must be along comfortable and safe pedestrian routes.
1/4 mile from entrances to bus, street car, or transit stops
1/2 mile from bus rapid transit stops, passenger rail, or commuter ferries
Locating a project in an area with dense and diverse uses is also extremely important because it, once again, limits the amount of travel by personal vehicle. This credit is about residential density as well as promoting walkability to places like grocery stores, parks, retail stores, gyms, libraries, salons, etc.
1/2 mile from diverse uses
4-7 uses is one point
8+ uses is two points
High Priority + Equitable Development
Build in areas that promote strong community, support local culture, and focus on health.
Choose an area of high poverty and unemployment such as an empowerment zone.
Brownfields are also high priority areas, these are previously developed lands that are contaminated with waste or pollution and will need to be remediated before building.
Developing in historic building infill lots can make use of an underused area while also restoring and reusing an important community landmark. Infill lots are the spaces between existing buildings or space that was previously graded and used for a structure or parking lot.
Equitable development: Incorporate affordable housing into the project or develop a plan that addresses equity.
Protecting Sensitive Lands
Sensitive lands include wetlands, prime farmland, greenfields, parks, areas below floodplains, and areas along water. These spaces are important for habitat protection and providing permeable landcover for rainwater. Choosing an existing building is a great way to reduce resource use and prevent further sprawl and addition of impervious surfaces.
Note: The Natural Heritage Program can help identify sensitive lands.
Commuting contributes to 50% of a project's total GHG emissions (and 33% of total US emissions). Here are some other ways to lower the impact from transportation:
Bicycle routes: locate a project along an existing bicycle network, include bike racks and bathrooms with showers to encourage commuters to choose this option
Telework (transportation demand strategy): employees working from home do not require on-site resources such as office space and furnishings, lighting, and computers. They also do not contribute to the need for building heating/cooling. This reduces impact from not only transportation to and from work, but also overall energy costs.
Alternative vehicles: Prioritizing parking space for electric vehicles can encourage their use. Companies can also switch fleets over to EVs to save on gasoline and maintenance expenses while reducing transportation impact.
Parking lot minimization: Keeping the parking footprint small can encourage workers to find another means of getting there, it can also help reduce the amount of impervious surfaces that create runoff.
Underground parking: Building vertically helps keep the project footprint small while still providing parking space.